The effect of diesel fuel on Common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) plants

Adam, G. and Duncan, H. (2003) The effect of diesel fuel on Common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) plants. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 25(1), pp. 123-130. (doi:10.1023/A:1021228327540) (PMID:12901087)

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Abstract

When petroleum hydrocarbons contaminate soil, the carbon:nitrogen (C:N) ratio of the soil is altered. The added carbon stimulates microbial numbers but causes an imbalance in the C:N ratio which may result in immobilization of soil nitrogen by the microbial biomass, leaving none available for plant growth. As members of Leguminosae fix atmospheric nitrogen to produce their own nitrogen for growth, they may prove more successful at growing on petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated sites. During a wider study on phytoremediation of diesel fuel contaminated soil, particular attention was given to the performance of legumes versus other plant species. During harvesting of pot experiments containing leguminous plants, a recurring difference in the number and formation of root nodules present on control and contaminated Common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) plants was observed. The total number of nodules per plant was significantly reduced in contaminated plants compared to control plants but nodules on contaminated plants were more developed than corresponding nodules on control plants. Plant performance of Common vetch and Westerwold's ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum L.) was compared to illustrate any difference between the ability of legumes and grasses to grow on diesel fuel contaminated soil. Common vetch was less affected by diesel fuel and performed better in low levels of diesel fuel contaminated soil than Westerwold's ryegrass. The total amount of diesel fuel remaining after 4 months in Common vetch planted soil was slightly less than in Westerwold's ryegrass planted soil.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:MacKinnon, Dr Gillian
Authors: Adam, G., and Duncan, H.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
Journal Name:Environmental Geochemistry and Health
Publisher:Kluwer Academic Publishers
ISSN:0269-4042
ISSN (Online):1573-2983
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2003 Kluwer Academic Publishers
First Published:First published in Environmental Geochemistry and Health 25(1):123-130
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher.

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