Bioinformatics tools for analysing viral genomic data

Orton, R.J. , Gu, Q., Hughes, J. , Maabar, M., Modha, S. , Vattipally, S. , Wilkie, G.S. and Davison, A. (2016) Bioinformatics tools for analysing viral genomic data. Revue scientifique et technique (International Office of Epizootics), 35(1), pp. 241-285. (doi:10.20506/rst.35.1.2432) (PMID:27217183)

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Abstract

The field of viral genomics and bioinformatics is experiencing a strong resurgence due to high-throughput sequencing (HTS) technology, which enables the rapid and cost-effective sequencing and subsequent assembly of large numbers of viral genomes. In addition, the unprecedented power of HTS technologies has enabled the analysis of intra-host viral diversity and quasispecies dynamics in relation to important biological questions on viral transmission, vaccine resistance and host jumping. HTS also enables the rapid identification of both known and potentially new viruses from field and clinical samples, thus adding new tools to the fields of viral discovery and metagenomics. Bioinformatics has been central to the rise of HTS applications because new algorithms and software tools are continually needed to process and analyse the large, complex datasets generated in this rapidly evolving area. In this paper, the authors give a brief overview of the main bioinformatics tools available for viral genomic research, with a particular emphasis on HTS technologies and their main applications. They summarise the major steps in various HTS analyses, starting with quality control of raw reads and encompassing activities ranging from consensus and de novo genome assembly to variant calling and metagenomics, as well as RNA sequencing.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Wilkie, Dr Gavin and Modha, Ms Sejal and Gu, Dr Quan and Vattipally, Dr Sreenu and Maabar, Mrs Maha and Hughes, Dr Joseph and Orton, Dr Richard and Davison, Professor Andrew
Authors: Orton, R.J., Gu, Q., Hughes, J., Maabar, M., Modha, S., Vattipally, S., Wilkie, G.S., and Davison, A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Revue scientifique et technique (International Office of Epizootics)
Publisher:OIE
ISSN:0253-1933

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