Exome-wide analysis of rare coding variation identifies novel associations with COPD and airflow limitation in MOCS3, IFIT3 and SERPINA12

Jackson, V. E. et al. (2016) Exome-wide analysis of rare coding variation identifies novel associations with COPD and airflow limitation in MOCS3, IFIT3 and SERPINA12. Thorax, 71(6), pp. 501-509. (doi: 10.1136/thoraxjnl-2015-207876) (PMID:26917578) (PMCID:PMC4893124)

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Background Several regions of the genome have shown to be associated with COPD in genome-wide association studies of common variants. Objective To determine rare and potentially functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with the risk of COPD and severity of airflow limitation. Methods 3226 current or former smokers of European ancestry with lung function measures indicative of Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) 2 COPD or worse were genotyped using an exome array. An analysis of risk of COPD was carried out using ever smoking controls (n=4784). Associations with %predicted FEV1 were tested in cases. We followed-up signals of interest (p<10−5) in independent samples from a subset of the UK Biobank population and also undertook a more powerful discovery study by meta-analysing the exome array data and UK Biobank data for variants represented on both arrays. Results Among the associated variants were two in regions previously unreported for COPD; a low frequency non-synonymous SNP in MOCS3 (rs7269297, pdiscovery=3.08×10−6, preplication=0.019) and a rare SNP in IFIT3, which emerged in the meta-analysis (rs140549288, pmeta=8.56×10−6). In the meta-analysis of % predicted FEV1 in cases, the strongest association was shown for a splice variant in a previously unreported region, SERPINA12 (rs140198372, pmeta=5.72×10−6). We also confirmed previously reported associations with COPD risk at MMP12, HHIP, GPR126 and CHRNA5. No associations in novel regions reached a stringent exome-wide significance threshold (p<3.7×10−7). Conclusions This study identified several associations with the risk of COPD and severity of airflow limitation, including novel regions MOCS3, IFIT3 and SERPINA12, which warrant further study.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Padmanabhan, Professor Sandosh
Authors: Jackson, V. E., Ntalla, I., Sayers, I., Morris, R., Whincup, P., Casas, J.-P., Amuzu, A., Choi, M., Dale, C., Kumari, M., Engmann, J., Kalsheker, N., Chappell, S., Guetta-Baranes, T., McKeever, T. M., Palmer, C. N. A., Tavendale, R., Holloway, J. W., Sayer, A. A., Dennison, E. M., Cooper, C., Bafadhel, M., Barker, B., Brightling, C., Bolton, C. E., John, M. E., Parker, S. G., Moffat, M. F., Wardlaw, A. J., Connolly, M. J., Porteous, D. J., Smith, B. H., Padmanabhan, S., Hocking, L., Stirrups, K. E., Deloukas, P., Strachan, D. P., Hall, I. P., Tobin, M. D., and Wain, L. V.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Cardiovascular & Metabolic Health
Journal Name:Thorax
Publisher:B M J Group
ISSN (Online):1468-3296
Published Online:25 February 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 Jackson VE, et al.
First Published:First published in Hydrobiologia 2016
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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