Theoretical investigation of entropy generation and heat transfer by forced convection of copper-water nanofluid in a porous channel - local thermal non-equilibrium and partial filling effects

Torabi, M., Dickson, C. and Karimi, N. (2016) Theoretical investigation of entropy generation and heat transfer by forced convection of copper-water nanofluid in a porous channel - local thermal non-equilibrium and partial filling effects. Powder Technology, 301, pp. 234-254. (doi:10.1016/j.powtec.2016.06.017)

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Abstract

Forced convection of copper-water nanofluid through a channel partially filled by a centrally located, porous insert is considered. Constant heat flux boundary conditions are imposed on the channel walls and the nanofluid flow is assumed to be hydrodynamically and thermally fully developed. The investigated system is under the local thermal non-equilibrium and two well-established interface models are employed to specify the thermal boundary conditions at the interface of the porous insert and nanofluid flow. Analytical expressions are derived for the temperature fields, Nusselt number and, total and local entropy generations. A parametric study reveals that variations in nanoparticles volumetric concentration only affect the temperature of the nanofluid flow within the clear region. It also shows that regardless of the choice of the porous-nanofluid interface model, addition of nanoparticles can improve the Nusselt number by up to around 15%. However, the local and total entropy generations are found to be strongly depended upon the employed interface model and increase considerably by increasing the concentration of the nanoparticles. It is shown that at high Biot numbers the effects of the interface model upon the thermal and entropic behaviours of the system diminish. This is argued to be related to the approach of the system towards local thermal equilibrium at larger values of Biot number.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Dickson, Mr Craig and Karimi, Dr Nader
Authors: Torabi, M., Dickson, C., and Karimi, N.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering
College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:Powder Technology
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0032-5910
ISSN (Online):1873-328X
Published Online:11 June 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 Elsevier
First Published:First published in Powder Technology 301:234-254
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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