Effectiveness of very early workplace interventions to reduce sickness absence: a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis

Vargas-Prada, S., Demou, E. , Lalloo, D., Avila-Palencia, I., Sanati, K.A., Sampere, M., Freer, K., Serra, C. and Macdonald, E.B. (2016) Effectiveness of very early workplace interventions to reduce sickness absence: a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis. Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health, 42(4), pp. 261-272. (doi:10.5271/sjweh.3576) (PMID:27271024) (PMCID:PMC5386143)

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Abstract

Objective The aim of this review was to investigate the effectiveness of workplace return-to-work (RTW) interventions delivered at very early stages (<15 days) of sickness absence (SA). Methods A systematic literature search was conducted in PubMed, Health Management Information Consortium (HMIC), Cochrane library database, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PsychInfo and Embase. Using pre-established criteria, independent pairs of researchers carried out the study selection, quality appraisal and data extraction. Workplace interventions before day 15 of SA, were included. Primary outcome measures included rates of and time until RTW, productivity loss, and recurrences of SA. Results We found limited available evidence on the benefits of “very early” workplace interventions in terms of RTW after a SA episode compared to usual care. Only three randomized controlled trials classed as high or intermediate quality were identified. Early part-time sick leave together with appropriate job modifications led to a reduction in the duration and recurrence of SA. There is evidence of benefit of intervening during the first two weeks of SA for musculoskeletal disorders. Conclusion Our review has identified a lack of evidence from the literature at this time point to support “very early” intervention compared to usual care. The methodological design of the studies, notably the extent and timing of usual care provided and variable compliance/crossover between groups could however explain the lack of demonstrated benefit. Consensus is required on the definition of “early” and “very early” interventions, and further research is recommended to improve understanding of the factors influencing when and how best to intervene for maximum gain.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Demou, Dr Evangelia and MacDonald, Professor Ewan and Lalloo, Dr Drushca
Authors: Vargas-Prada, S., Demou, E., Lalloo, D., Avila-Palencia, I., Sanati, K.A., Sampere, M., Freer, K., Serra, C., and Macdonald, E.B.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > MRC/CSO Unit
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Public Health
Journal Name:Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health
Publisher:Nordic Association of Occupational Safety and Health
ISSN:0355-3140
ISSN (Online):1795-990X
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
First Published:First published in Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health 42(4): 261-272
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
620221MRC SPHSU/GU Transfer FellowshipsLaurence MooreMedical Research Council (MRC)MC_PC_13027IHW - MRC/CSO SPHU