Continuous hyperfractionated accelerated radiotherapy – escalated dose (CHART-ED): a phase I study

Hatton, M. Q. F., Hill, R., Fenwick, J. D., Morgan, S. A., Wilson, P. C., Atherton, P. J., Dickson, J., Murray, K. E. and Paul, J. (2016) Continuous hyperfractionated accelerated radiotherapy – escalated dose (CHART-ED): a phase I study. Radiotherapy and Oncology, 118(3), pp. 471-477. (doi:10.1016/j.radonc.2015.11.015) (PMID:26687902)

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Introduction: Patients who present with locally advanced inoperable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) may be suitable for radical radiotherapy. A randomised trial of 563 patients compared CHART and conventional radical radiotherapy (60 Gy/30f) given over 6 weeks and suggested that CHART resulted in a 9% improvement in 2-year survival (Saunders et al., 1999). RT dose escalation for both conventional and CHARTWEL (CHART-WeekEndLess) – fractionation schedules is feasible with modern 3-dimensional CT-based planning techniques and we initiated a phase I CHART dose escalation study in 2009. Methods: Patients with WHO performance status 0–2 histologically confirmed, inoperable, stage I–III non-small cell lung cancer were recruited into an open phase I dose escalation trial. Three cohorts of six patients were recruited sequentially. Total dose was escalated from standard CHART radiotherapy of 54 Gy/36f/12 days to 57.6 Gy (2 × 1.8 Gy fractions on day 15, Group 1), 61.2 Gy (4 × 1.8 Gy fractions on days 15–16, Group 2) and 64.8 Gy (6 × 1.8 Gy fractions on days 15–17, Group 3). Results: Between April 2010 and May 2012, 18 patients were enrolled from 5 UK centres and received escalated dose radiotherapy. 14 were male, 16 squamous cell histology and 12 were stage IIIA or IIIB. The median age was 70 years and baseline characteristics were similar across the three dose cohorts. One patient did not start escalated radiotherapy but all remaining patients completed their planned radiotherapy schedules. Of these 9 patients have died to date with a median survival of 2 years across the three cohorts. Grade 3 or 4 adverse events (fatigue, dysphagia, nausea and anorexia – classified according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 4.0) were reported in 6 patients but the pre-specified dose limiting toxicities (grade 4 early oesophagitis; grade 3 cardiac, spinal cord and pneumonitis) were not observed. Conclusions: CHART remains a radiotherapy schedule in routine use across the UK and in this dose escalation study no dose limiting toxicities were observed. We feel the dose of 64.8 Gy/42f/17 days should be taken forward into further clinical trials. The sample size used in this study was small so we plan a randomised phase II study that includes other radiotherapy schedules to confirm safety and select an accelerated sequential chemo-radiotherapy schedule to take into phase III studies.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Paul, Mr James
Authors: Hatton, M. Q. F., Hill, R., Fenwick, J. D., Morgan, S. A., Wilson, P. C., Atherton, P. J., Dickson, J., Murray, K. E., and Paul, J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Radiotherapy and Oncology
ISSN (Online):1879-0887
Published Online:11 December 2015
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 Elsevier
First Published:First published in Radiotherapy and Oncology 118(3):471-477
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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