A comparison between omeprazole and a dietary supplement for the management of squamous gastric ulceration in horses

Kerbyson, N., Knottenbelt, D. K., Carslake, H. B., Conwell, R. C., Sutton, D. G.M. and Parkin, T. D.H. (2016) A comparison between omeprazole and a dietary supplement for the management of squamous gastric ulceration in horses. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science, 40, pp. 94-101. (doi:10.1016/j.jevs.2016.02.228)

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Abstract

Although several studies have assessed the short-term effect of dietary supplements on the treatment and prevention of gastric ulceration in horses, few have assessed the response over a duration of more than 30 days. A blinded randomized noninferiority clinical trial was conducted using 42 Thoroughbred horses in race training with squamous ulceration of ≥ grade 2/4, randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups for a period of 90 days: omeprazole at the full label dose of 4 mg/kg or the Succeed digestive conditioning supplement. Noninferiority analyses and Wilcoxon sign rank tests were used to analyze the data. At day 90, Succeed was noninferior to 4 mg/kg omeprazole administered daily in terms of the proportion of horses with complete resolution of squamous ulceration. At day 30, Succeed was found to be inferior to omeprazole in terms of the proportion of horses with grade ≤1/4 squamous ulceration. The proportion of horses with reducing squamous ulcer score (compared with day 0) was statistically significant for both treatments at days 30 and 60. At day 90 of the 17 horses on Succeed, nine had a reducing squamous ulcer score (P value = .049), and of the 19 horses on omeprazole, 10 had a reducing squamous ulcer score at day 90 (P value = .091). The noninferiority of Succeed compared to omeprazole at 90 days for the complete resolution of squamous ulceration and the reduced efficacy of omeprazole following 90 days of treatment are likely to be of interest to practitioners managing gastric ulceration in performance horses.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Knottenbelt, Professor Derek and Parkin, Professor Timothy and Sutton, Dr David
Authors: Kerbyson, N., Knottenbelt, D. K., Carslake, H. B., Conwell, R. C., Sutton, D. G.M., and Parkin, T. D.H.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Journal of Equine Veterinary Science
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0737-0806
Published Online:04 March 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc.
First Published:First published in Journal of Equine Veterinary Science 40:94-101
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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