Understanding the individual to implement the ecosystem approach to fisheries management

Ward, T. D. et al. (2016) Understanding the individual to implement the ecosystem approach to fisheries management. Conservation Physiology, 4(1), cow005. (doi:10.1093/conphys/cow005)

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Abstract

Ecosystem-based approaches to fisheries management (EAFMs) have emerged as requisite for sustainable use of fisheries resources. At the same time, however, there is a growing recognition of the degree of variation among individuals within a population, as well as the ecological consequences of this variation. Managing resources at an ecosystem level calls on practitioners to consider evolutionary processes, and ample evidence from the realm of fisheries science indicates that anthropogenic disturbance can drive changes in predominant character traits (e.g. size at maturity). Eco-evolutionary theory suggests that human-induced trait change and the modification of selective regimens might contribute to ecosystem dynamics at a similar magnitude to species extirpation, extinction and ecological dysfunction. Given the dynamic interaction between fisheries and target species via harvest and subsequent ecosystem consequences, we argue that individual diversity in genetic, physiological and behavioural traits are important considerations under EAFMs. Here, we examine the role of individual variation in a number of contexts relevant to fisheries management, including the potential ecological effects of rapid trait change. Using select examples, we highlight the extent of phenotypic diversity of individuals, as well as the ecological constraints on such diversity. We conclude that individual phenotypic diversity is a complex phenomenon that needs to be considered in EAFMs, with the ultimate realization that maintaining or increasing individual trait diversity may afford not only species, but also entire ecosystems, with enhanced resilience to environmental perturbations. Put simply, individuals are the foundation from which population- and ecosystem-level traits emerge and are therefore of central importance for the ecosystem-based approaches to fisheries management.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This paper is an output of the EU COST Action on the Conservation Physiology of Marine Fish. S.J.C. is supported by the Canada Research Chairs Program and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Killen, Dr Shaun
Authors: Ward, T. D., Algera, D. A., Gallagher, A. J., Hawkins, E., Horodysky, A., Jørgensen, C., Killen, S., McKenzie, D. J., Metcalfe, J. D., Peck, M. A., Vu, M., and Cooke, S. J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
Journal Name:Conservation Physiology
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:2051-1434
ISSN (Online):2051-1434
Published Online:07 April 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 The Authors
First Published:First published in Conservation Physiology 4(1): cow005
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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