Impact of canine overweight and obesity on health-related quality of life

Yam, P.S. , Butowski, C.F., Chitty, J.L., Naughton, G., Wiseman-Orr, M.L. , Parkin, T. and Reid, J. (2016) Impact of canine overweight and obesity on health-related quality of life. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 127, pp. 64-69. (doi: 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2016.03.013) (PMID:27094142)

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Canine obesity is increasing in prevalence in the UK and raises concerns about dog welfare. This study compares the health-related quality of life (HRQL) of dogs of varying body condition: overweight and obese (BCS 4 and 5) versus non-overweight dogs (BCS 2 and 3), obese (BCS 5) versus non-overweight (BCS 2 and 3) and an overall comparison between all four BCS (BCS 2, 3, 4 and 5) using a novel, validated HRQL instrument which is both web and mobile tablet/phone app based. Of 271 dog owners who were approached, 174 completed a web-based instrument (2013) or a mobile tablet app instrument (2014) during the summers of 2013 and 2014. Automatically generated scores in four domains of HRQL (energetic/enthusiastic, happy/content, active/comfortable, calm/relaxed) were compared for dogs with each of the body condition scores (BCS 2–5). For all body condition scores a statistically significant difference was found between the HRQL scores in two of the domains: energetic/enthusiastic (p = 0.02) and active comfortable (p = 0.004). When BCS 2 and 3 were compared to BCS 4 and 5, statistical significance was found in the same two domains – energetic/enthusiastic (p = 0.01) and active comfortable (p = 0.001) – as it was in comparison of non-overweight (BCS 2 and 3) compared to obese dogs (BCS 5): energetic/enthusiastic (p = 0.012) and active comfortable (p = 0.004). These results suggest that overweight and obese dogs have a reduced HRQL in two of the domains compared to non-overweight dogs, and that differences in HRQL are detectable between BCS scores 2, 3, 4 and 5.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The study was funded by the University of Glasgow and the CVRT Wellcome Trust.
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Parkin, Professor Tim and Wiseman-Orr, Dr Lesley and Reid, Professor Jacqueline and Yam, Dr Philippa
Authors: Yam, P.S., Butowski, C.F., Chitty, J.L., Naughton, G., Wiseman-Orr, M.L., Parkin, T., and Reid, J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Biodiversity, One Health & Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Preventive Veterinary Medicine
ISSN (Online):1873-1716
Published Online:28 March 2016

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