Exploring situational awareness in emergency medicine: developing a shared mental model to enhance training and assessment

Lowe, D. J. , Ireland, A. J., Ross, A. and Ker, J. (2016) Exploring situational awareness in emergency medicine: developing a shared mental model to enhance training and assessment. Postgraduate Medical Journal, 92(1093), pp. 653-658. (doi:10.1136/postgradmedj-2015-133772) (PMID:27129912)

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Abstract

Non-technical skills (NTS) are gaining increasing prominence within the field of emergency medicine. Situational awareness (SA), one key component of NTS, is a key skill for emergency physicians (EPs) during initial training and throughout their career. Furthermore, the majority of frameworks used to evaluate clinical performance incorporate SA as one key component. This review seeks to define and explore the concept of SA within the context of emergency medicine. We describe SA at an individual, team and departmental level. Development of this ability enables EPs to function effectively within the challenging environment of the emergency department (ED). Enhancing our understanding of SA may develop the cognitive process that underpins our clinical performance. We propose a model for consideration to support evaluation and training of SA within the ED, linking the model to the novice expert continuum.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ireland, Mr Alastair and Lowe, Dr David and Ross, Dr Alastair
Authors: Lowe, D. J., Ireland, A. J., Ross, A., and Ker, J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
Journal Name:Postgraduate Medical Journal
Publisher:BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN:0032-5473
ISSN (Online):1469-0756
Published Online:29 April 2016

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