The health impacts of the contemporary manufacturing and service sectors on men and women

Kampenellou, E. and Houston, D. (2016) The health impacts of the contemporary manufacturing and service sectors on men and women. Longitudinal and Life Course Studies, 7(4), pp. 368-385. (doi:10.14301/llcs.v7i4.392)

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Publisher's URL: http://www.llcsjournal.org/index.php/llcs/article/view/392

Abstract

Manufacturing and manual employment and, to a lesser extent, low-grade white-collar work have long been associated with poor health outcomes. This article reports important new findings based on longitudinal micro data that demonstrate important changes and gender-related patterns to this prevailing understanding. Specifically, manufacturing employment now has a protective health effect for men, and women’s health is not strongly influenced by occupation.  High-paid service sector employment is found to be bad for health, particularly among men.  Changing industry within the service sector is linked to a deterioration in health, particularly among women, whereas changing employment from manufacturing to services is found to be bad for men’s health.  Confirming previous research, shifts from any sector of employment into unemployment and economic inactivity are strongly associated with a deterioration in health.  The findings point to four conclusions: i) the emergence of new occupational hazards in the service sector; ii) the improvement of working conditions in manufacturing; iii) changing industry is damaging to an individual’s health, possibly due to skills mismatches that may arise, although further research is required to further disentangle the direction of causation; and iv) the impacts on health of different industrial sectors and changes between industrial sectors vary between men and women.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Houston, Professor Donald
Authors: Kampenellou, E., and Houston, D.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Urban Studies
Journal Name:Longitudinal and Life Course Studies
Publisher:Society for Longitudinal and Life Course Studies
ISSN:1757-9597
ISSN (Online):1757-9597
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 Longitudinal and Life Course Studies
First Published:First published in Longitudinal and Life Course Studies 7(4): 368-385
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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