An evaluation of a target-controlled infusion of propofol or propofol-alfentanil admixture for sedation in dogs

Montefiori, F., Pawson, P., Auckburally, A., Scott, M. and Flaherty, D. (2016) An evaluation of a target-controlled infusion of propofol or propofol-alfentanil admixture for sedation in dogs. Journal of Small Animal Practice, 57(4), pp. 181-187. (doi: 10.1111/jsap.12459) (PMID:27000648)

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Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate sedation quality and cardiorespiratory variables in dogs sedated using a target-controlled infusion of propofol or propofol–alfentanil admixture. Methods: A total of 60 dogs undergoing diagnostic imaging were randomly assigned to one of three sedation protocols: propofol alone; propofol with a low concentration of 12 µg of alfentanil per mL of propofol; or propofol with a higher concentration of 24 µg of alfentanil per mL of propofol. Target-controlled infusion was initiated at a propofol target concentration of 1·5 µg/mL and increased until lateral recumbency was achieved. Times to adopt lateral recumbency and recover, pulse rate, respiratory rate, oscillometric mean arterial pressure and oxygen saturation were recorded. Quality of sedation onset and recovery were scored. Results: Propofol target at lateral recumbency differed significantly (P=0·01) between groups with median (range) values of 3·0 (1·5 to 5·5), 2·0 (2 to 4·5) and 2·25 (1·5 to 3·5) µg/mL for propofol alone, propofol with the lower concentration of alfentanil and propofol with the higher concentration of alfentanil groups, respectively. Time to lateral recumbency was longer and quality of onset less smooth for the propofol group. Pulse rate change differed significantly (P<0·001) between groups (mean pulse rate change at onset of sedation: propofol group +2 ±24 bpm, low concentration alfentanil group −30 ±24 bpm, higher concentration alfentanil group −26 ±23 bpm). Hypoxaemia (SpO2 <90%) occurred in 1, 3 and 13 dogs, in the propofol group, the low concentration alfentanil group and the higher concentration of alfentanil group, respectively (P<0·001). Clinical significance: Addition of alfentanil to propofol target-controlled infusion did not confer cardiovascular benefits and, at the higher concentration, alfentanil increased the incidence of hypoxaemia.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This study was made possible through financial support from Pertsavers (ref. CTP 23.11), who also funded Filippo Monte-fiori ’ s veterinary anaesthesia residency training programme (ref. CTP 20.11).
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Pawson, Dr Pat and Auckburally, Mr Adam and Flaherty, Professor Derek
Authors: Montefiori, F., Pawson, P., Auckburally, A., Scott, M., and Flaherty, D.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Journal of Small Animal Practice
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0022-4510
ISSN (Online):1748-5827

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