Determinants and outcomes of motivation in health professions education: a systematic review based on self-determination theory

Orsini, C., Binnie, V. I. and Wilson, S. L. (2016) Determinants and outcomes of motivation in health professions education: a systematic review based on self-determination theory. Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions, 13, 19. (doi: 10.3352/jeehp.2016.13.19) (PMID:27134006)

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Abstract

Purpose: This study aimed at conducting a systematic review in health professions education of determinants, mediators and outcomes of students’ motivation to engage in academic activities based on the self-determination theory’s perspective. Methods: A search was conducted across databases (MEDLINE, CINHAL, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and ERIC databases), hand-search of relevant journals, grey literature, and published research profile of key authors. Quantitative and qualitative studies were included if they reported research in health professions education focused on determinants, mediators, and/or outcomes of motivation from the self-determination and if meeting the quality criteria. Results: A total of 17 studies met the inclusion and quality criteria. Articles retrieved came from diverse locations and mainly from medical education and to a lesser extent from psychology and dental education. Intrapersonal (gender and personality traits) and interpersonal determinants (academic conditions and lifestyle, qualitative method of selection, feedback, and an autonomy supportive learning climate) have been reported to have a positive influence on students’ motivation to engage in academic activities. No studies were found that tested mediation effects between determinants and students’ motivation. In turn, students’ self-determined motivation has been found to be positively associated with different cognitive, affective, and behavioural outcomes. Conclusion: This study has found that generally, motivation could be enhanced by changes in the educational environment and by an early detection of students’ characteristics. Doing so may support future health practitioners’ self-determined motivation and positively influence how they process information and their emotions and how they approach their learning activities.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Binnie, Dr Vivian and Wilson, Dr Sarah
Authors: Orsini, C., Binnie, V. I., and Wilson, S. L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
Journal Name:Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
Publisher:National Health Personnel Licensing Examination Board
ISSN:1975-5937
ISSN (Online):1975-5937
Published Online:02 May 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 Korea Health Personnel Licensing Examination Institute
First Published:First published in Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions 13:19
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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