Precision charging of microparticles in plasma via the Rayleigh instability for evaporating charged liquid droplets

Bennet, E.D. et al. (2016) Precision charging of microparticles in plasma via the Rayleigh instability for evaporating charged liquid droplets. Journal of Aerosol Science, 100, pp. 53-60. (doi: 10.1016/j.jaerosci.2016.05.002)

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Abstract

In this paper we describe a novel method for delivering a precise, known amount of electric charge to a micron-sized solid target. Aerosolised microparticles passed through a plasma discharge will acquire significant electric charge. The fluid stability under evaporative stress is a key aspect that is core to the research. Initially stable charged aerosols subject to evaporation (i.e. a continually changing radius) may encounter the Rayleigh stability limit. This limit arises from the electrostatic and surface tension forces and determines the maximum charge a stable droplet can retain, as a function of radius. We demonstrate that even if the droplet charge is initially much less than the Rayleigh limit, the stability limit will be encountered as the droplet evaporates. The instability emission mechanism is strongly linked to the final charge deposited on the target, providing a mechanism that can be used to ensure a predictable charge deposit on a known encapsulated microparticle.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Bennet, Dr Euan and Potts, Dr Hugh and Everest, Dr Paul and Diver, Professor Declan
Authors: Bennet, E.D., Mahony, C.M.O., Potts, H.E., Everest, P., Rutherford, D., Askari, S., McDowell, D.A., Mariotti, D., Kelsey, C., Perez-Martin, F., Hamilton, N., Maguire, P., and Diver, D.A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Journal of Aerosol Science
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0021-8502
ISSN (Online):1879-1964
Published Online:11 May 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 The Authors
First Published:First published in Journal of Aerosol Science 100: 53-60
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
604241Microplasma-assisted manipulation of intact arborne bacteria for a real-time and automonous detector.Declan DiverEngineering & Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/K006142/1P&A - PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY