Poverty and social exclusion in urban and rural areas of Scotland

Bailey, N. , Bramley, G. and Gannon, M. (2016) Poverty and social exclusion in urban and rural areas of Scotland. Working Paper. Poverty and Social Exclusion (PSE), Bristol.

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Publisher's URL: http://www.poverty.ac.uk/sites/default/files/attachments/PSE-Scotland-urban-rural-poverty-final-report-March-2016.pdf


This report examines the PSE-UK 2012 survey results in Scotland, comparing levels of poverty and social exclusion in urban and rural areas and between remote and accessible areas; within the rural category. Using low income, deprivation and subjective poverty measures, it finds significant poverty in every kind of location, with on most measures, poverty highest in the large urban areas and lowest in remote towns with remote rural areas showing higher poverty than remote towns. The report finds that contrary to concerns that low income poverty measures may underestimate poverty in more rural areas by failing to take account of differences in the cost of living, low income measures appear to overstate rural poverty compared with deprivation or subjective poverty measures. People in urban areas report higher levels of indebtedness and other markers of financial stress, and lower quality of goods, none of which are reflected in income-based measures. Looking at wider measures of social exclsuion, the PSE-UK survey provides strong evidence that access to services is worse in more rural or remote locations. Transport services, the basis for accessing many other services, were particularly poor in rural areas. However, using a multi-dimensiaonal measure of social exclusion, the report finds the most excluded individuals are over represented in large urban centres and under reprresented in remote areas.

Item Type:Research Reports or Papers (Working Paper)
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gannon, Ms Maria and Bailey, Professor Nick
Authors: Bailey, N., Bramley, G., and Gannon, M.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Urban Studies
Publisher:Poverty and Social Exclusion (PSE)
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 Poverty and Social Exclusion (PSE)
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher
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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
504041Poverty and Social Exclusion in the United Kingdom: the 2010 SurveyNick BaileyEconomic & Social Research Council (ESRC)ES/G035784/1SPS - URBAN STUDIES