A preliminary assessment of age at death determination using the nuclear weapons testing 14C activity of dentine and enamel

Cook, G. T. , Dunbar, E. , Black, S. M. and Xu, S. (2006) A preliminary assessment of age at death determination using the nuclear weapons testing 14C activity of dentine and enamel. Radiocarbon, 48(3),

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Abstract

Calibration (using CALIBomb) of radiocarbon measurements made on the enamel of human teeth from people born during the nuclear era typically produce 2 possible age ranges that potentially reflect the period of tooth formation. These ranges correspond to periods before and after the 1963 atmospheric 14C maximum. Further measurements made on the collagen component of the combined dentine and cementum from the roots of the same teeth enable the appropriate age range to be selected. Using this range and the formation times for individual teeth, we estimated the year of birth of the individuals and compared these to the known dates of birth. The results were relatively accurate and confirmed those of a previous study by another research group. The present study demonstrates that it is possible to produce a good estimate of the year of birth from a single tooth.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Xu, Dr Sheng and Cook, Professor Gordon and Dunbar, Dr Elaine
Authors: Cook, G. T., Dunbar, E., Black, S. M., and Xu, S.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre
Journal Name:Radiocarbon
Publisher:University of Arizona
ISSN:0033-8222
ISSN (Online):1945-5755
Published Online:01 January 2006
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2006 The Authors
First Published:First published in Radiocarbon 48:3
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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