Bioanalytical methods for the determination of synthetic cannabinoids and metabolites in biological specimens

Aldlgan, A. A. and Torrance, H. J. (2016) Bioanalytical methods for the determination of synthetic cannabinoids and metabolites in biological specimens. Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 80, pp. 444-457. (doi:10.1016/j.trac.2016.03.025)

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Abstract

Recently the use of synthetic cannabinoids (SCs) has increased around the world. As a result, the importance for accurate analysis of SCs in human biological matrices is evident and continues to be especially challenging due to their chemical structures being constantly modified. Many methods have been published recently for the analysis of SCs in human biological samples. This review provides an overview of the analytical methods used for the analysis of SCs and their metabolites in biological specimens with a special focus on chromatographic analysis and sample preparation. Liquid chromatography assay is the most commonly used for confirmation purposes of SCs and their metabolites in biological matrices. In blood and oral fluid, analysis of SCs must be very sensitive. In urine, SCs have extensive metabolism pathways; therefore the main target compounds are their hydroxyl and carboxyl metabolites, which is important to recognise when establishing clinical and forensic toxicology analytical methods.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This work was gratefully supported by the Forensic Medicine and Science, University of Glasgow, the UK, and the Ministry of High Education of Saudi Arabia (I353).
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Torrance, Dr Hazel
Authors: Aldlgan, A. A., and Torrance, H. J.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:Trends in Analytical Chemistry
Publisher:Elsevier Ltd.
ISSN:0165-9936
Published Online:31 March 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V.
First Published:First published in rends in Analytical Chemistry 80: 444-457.
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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