Magnetic properties of magnetite arrays produced by the method of electron beam lithography

King, J. G., Williams, W., Wilkinson, C.D.W., McVitie, S. and Chapman, J. N. (1996) Magnetic properties of magnetite arrays produced by the method of electron beam lithography. Geophysical Research Letters, 23(20), pp. 2847-2850. (doi:10.1029/96GL01371)

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Abstract

Arrays of magnetite particles in the submicron range (0.1–4.0 µm) have been produced. A novel method involving the utilisation of Electron Beam Lithography techniques often employed in the engineering design of integrated circuits of microchips was used. The fabrication process involved first producing arrays of iron (Fe) particles and then converting them to magnetite (Fe3O4) by thermal treatment. The fabricated magnetite particles have well controlled parameters including inter-particle spacing, an impossible task to achieve using artificially produced powders often employed in rockmagnetic studies. Two methods of converting Fe to Fe3O4 by annealing were used. One method led to Fe3O4 grains with high coercivities, typical of stressed grains and the other low coercivities in agreement with those for laboratory grown crystals. The crystal unit cell edge. Curie temperature, and saturation isothermal remanent magnetisation (SIRM) intensity observed at the Verwey transition are all consistent with stoichiometric magnetite.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McVitie, Professor Stephen and Wilkinson, Professor Christopher and Chapman, Professor John
Authors: King, J. G., Williams, W., Wilkinson, C.D.W., McVitie, S., and Chapman, J. N.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering
College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Geophysical Research Letters
Publisher:American Geophysical Union
ISSN:0094-8276
ISSN (Online):1944-8007

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