Rapid river incision across an inactive fault: implications for patterns of erosion and deformation in the central Colorado Plateau

Pederson, J., Burnside, N. , Shipton, Z. and Rittenour, T. (2013) Rapid river incision across an inactive fault: implications for patterns of erosion and deformation in the central Colorado Plateau. Lithosphere, 5(5), pp. 513-520. (doi:10.1130/L282.1)

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Abstract

The Colorado Plateau presents a contrast between deep and seemingly recent erosion and apparently only mild late Cenozoic tectonic activity. Researchers have recently proposed multiple sources of epeirogenic uplift and intriguing patterns of differential incision, yet little or no quantitative constraints exist in the heart of the plateau to test these ideas. Here, we use both optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) and uranium-series dating to delimit the record of fluvial strath terraces at Crystal Geyser in southeastern Utah, where the Little Grand Wash fault crosses the Green River in the broad Mancos Shale badlands of the central plateau. Results indicate there has been no deformation of terraces or surface rupture of the fault in the past 100 k.y. The Green River, on the other hand, has incised at a relatively rapid pace of 45 cm/k.y. (450 m/m.y.) over that same time, following a regional pattern of focused incision in the “bull’s-eye” of the central plateau. The Little Grand Wash fault may have initiated during Early Tertiary Laramide tectonism, but it contrasts with related structures of the ancestral Paradox Basin that are presently active due to salt dissolution and focused differential erosion. We also hypothesize there may be a Pliocene component of fault slip in the region linked to broad-wavelength erosional unloading, domal rebound, and extension. An apparent rapid decrease in incision rates just upstream through Desolation Canyon suggests the Green River here may have recently experienced an upstream-migrating wave of incision.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Shipton, Dr Zoe and Burnside, Dr Neil
Authors: Pederson, J., Burnside, N., Shipton, Z., and Rittenour, T.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
College of Science and Engineering > School of Geographical and Earth Sciences
Journal Name:Lithosphere
Publisher:Geological Society of America
ISSN:1941-8264
ISSN (Online):1947-425

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