Regulation of the immune response by nitric oxide differentially produced by T helper type 1 and T helper type 2 cells

Taylor-Robinson, A. W., Liew, F. Y., Severn, A., Xu, D., McSorley, S. J., Garside, P. , Padron, J. and Phillips, R. S. (1994) Regulation of the immune response by nitric oxide differentially produced by T helper type 1 and T helper type 2 cells. European Journal of Immunology, 24(4), pp. 980-984. (doi:10.1002/eji.1830240430) (PMID:8149966)

Taylor-Robinson, A. W., Liew, F. Y., Severn, A., Xu, D., McSorley, S. J., Garside, P. , Padron, J. and Phillips, R. S. (1994) Regulation of the immune response by nitric oxide differentially produced by T helper type 1 and T helper type 2 cells. European Journal of Immunology, 24(4), pp. 980-984. (doi:10.1002/eji.1830240430) (PMID:8149966)

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Abstract

The balance between T helper type 1 (Th1) and T helper type 2 (Th2) cells determines the outcome of many important diseases. Using cloned murine T cell lines, evidence is provided that Th 1, but not Th 2, cells can be activated by specific antigens or a T cell mitogen, concanavalin A, to produce large amounts of nitric oxide (NO). Furthermore, NO can inhibit the secretion of interleukin (IL)-2 and interferon-γ by Th 1 cells but has no effect on IL-4 production by Th 2 cells. Th 1 and Th 2 cells can, thus, be distinguished by their differential production of and susceptibility to NO. NO exerts a self-regulatory effect on Th 1 cells which are implicated in immunopathology.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Liew, Professor Foo and Xu, Dr Damo and Garside, Professor Paul
Authors: Taylor-Robinson, A. W., Liew, F. Y., Severn, A., Xu, D., McSorley, S. J., Garside, P., Padron, J., and Phillips, R. S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:European Journal of Immunology
Publisher:Wiley-VCH Verlag
ISSN:0014-2980
ISSN (Online):1521-4141

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