Protective immune responses induced by vaccination with an expression genomic library of leishmania major

Piedrafita, D., Xu, D., Hunter, D., Harrison, R. A. and Liew, F. Y. (1999) Protective immune responses induced by vaccination with an expression genomic library of leishmania major. Journal of Immunology, 163(3), pp. 1467-1472. (PMID:10415048)

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.

Publisher's URL: http://www.jimmunol.org/content/163/3/1467

Abstract

To develop an effective vaccine against the intracellular protozoan parasite Leishmania spp., we investigated the feasibility of expression library immunization (ELI) in the mouse. Genomic expression libraries of L. major were constructed and used to immunize mice. One of the three libraries (L1, with 10(5) clones) induced a significant protective immune response and delayed the onset of lesion development in highly susceptible BALB/c mice after i.m. immunization, compared with control mice immunized with the empty vector (EV). L1 was then divided into five sublibraries of approximately 2 x 10(4) clones each. Mice immunized with one of the sublibraries (SL1A) developed an even stronger protective effect than that induced by L1. SL1A was further divided into 20 sublibraries (SL2) of approximately 10(3) clones each. One of the SL2 libraries (SL2G) induced a strong protective effect against L. major infection. In direct comparative studies, the protective effect of the sublibraries was in the order of SL2G > SL1A > L1. Lymphoid cells from mice vaccinated with SL2G produced more IFN-gamma and NO, compared with cells from control mice injected with EV. Serum from the vaccinated mice also contained more parasite-specific IgG2a Ab, compared with controls. Therefore, these data demonstrate that ELI is feasible against this complex intracellular parasitic infection, by preferentially inducing the development of Th1 responses. Furthermore, by sequential division of the libraries, this approach may be used to enrich and identify protective genes for effective gene vaccination against other parasitic infections.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Liew, Prof Foo and Xu, Dr Damo
Authors: Piedrafita, D., Xu, D., Hunter, D., Harrison, R. A., and Liew, F. Y.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Journal of Immunology
Publisher:American Association of Immunologists
ISSN:0022-1767
ISSN (Online):1550-6606

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record