West Nile virus infection in cats: ABCD guidelines on prevention and management

Egberink, H. et al. (2015) West Nile virus infection in cats: ABCD guidelines on prevention and management. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, 17(7), pp. 617-619. (doi: 10.1177/1098612X15588453) (PMID:26101314)

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Abstract

Overview: West Nile virus (WNV) is a zoonotic mosquito-borne virus with a broad host range that infects mainly birds and mosquitos, but also mammals (including humans), reptiles, amphibians and ticks. It is maintained in a bird–mosquito–bird transmission cycle. The most important vectors are bird-feeding mosquitos of the Culex genus; maintenance and amplification mainly involve passerine birds. WNV can cause disease in humans, horses and several species of birds following infection of the central nervous system. Infection in cats: Cats can also be infected through mosquito bites, and by eating infected small mammals and probably also birds. Although seroprevalence in cats can be high in endemic areas, clinical disease and mortality are rarely reported. If a cat is suspected of clinical signs due to an acute WNV infection, symptomatic treatment is indicated.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Hosie, Professor Margaret and Addie, Dr Diane
Authors: Egberink, H., Addie, D. D., Boucraut-Baralon, C., Frymus, T., Gruffydd-Jones, T., Hartmann, K., Horzinek, M. C., Hosie, M. J., Marsilio, F., Lloret, A., Lutz, H., Pennisi, M. G., Radford, A. D., Thiry, E., Truyen, U., and Mostl, K.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Publisher:SAGE Publications
ISSN:1098-612X
ISSN (Online):1532-2750

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