A thermodynamic analysis of forced convection through porous media using pore scale modeling

Torabi, M., Peterson, G.P., Torabi, M. and Karimi, N. (2016) A thermodynamic analysis of forced convection through porous media using pore scale modeling. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, 99, pp. 303-316. (doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2016.03.127)

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Abstract

The flow thorough porous media is analyzed from a thermodynamic perspective, with a particular focus on the entropy generation inside the porous media, using a pore scale modeling approach. A single representative elementary volume was utilized to reduce the CPU time. Periodic boundary conditions were employed for the vertical boundaries, by re-injecting the velocity and temperature profiles from the outlet to the inlet and iterating. The entropy generation was determined for both circular and square cross-sectional configurations, and the effects of different Reynolds numbers, assuming Darcy and Forchheimer regimes, were also taken into account. Three porosities were evaluated and discussed for each cross-sectional configuration, and streamlines, isothermal lines and the local entropy generation rate contours were determined and compared. The local entropy generation rate contours indicated that the highest entropy generation regions were close to the inlet for low Reynolds flows and near the central cylinder for high Reynolds flows. Increasing Reynolds number from 100 to 200 reveals disturbances in the dimensionless volume averaged entropy generation rate trend that may be due to a change in the fluid flow regime. According to Bejan number evaluation for both cross-section configurations, it is demonstrated that is mainly provoked by the heat transfer irreversibility. A performance evaluation criterion parameter was calculated for different case-studies. By this parameter, conditions for obtaining the least entropy generation and the highest Nusselt number could be achieved simultaneously. Indeed, this parameter utilizes both the first and the second laws of thermodynamics to present the best case-study. According to the performance evaluation criterion, it is indicated that the square cross-section configuration with o=0.64 exhibits better thermal performance for low Reynolds number flows. A comparison between the equal porosity cases for two different cross-sectional configurations indicated that the square cross-section demonstrated a higher performance evaluation criterion than the circular cross-section, for a variety of different Reynolds numbers.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Karimi, Dr Nader
Authors: Torabi, M., Peterson, G.P., Torabi, M., and Karimi, N.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Publisher:Pergamon Press (Elsevier Science)
ISSN:0017-9310
ISSN (Online):1879-2189
Published Online:16 April 2016
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd.
First Published:First published in International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 99: 303-316
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the publisher copyright policy

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