Efficient self-assembly of DNA-functionalized fluorophores and gold nanoparticles with DNA functionalized silicon surfaces: the effect of oligomer spacers

Milton, J. A., Patole, S., Yin, H. , Xiao, Q., Brown, T. and Melvin, T. (2013) Efficient self-assembly of DNA-functionalized fluorophores and gold nanoparticles with DNA functionalized silicon surfaces: the effect of oligomer spacers. Nucleic Acids Research, 41(7), e80. (doi:10.1093/nar/gkt031) (PMID:23361467) (PMCID:PMC3627567)

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Abstract

Although strategies for the immobilization of DNA oligonucleotides onto surfaces for bioanalytical and top-down bio-inspired nanobiofabrication approaches are well developed, the effect of introducing spacer molecules between the surface and the DNA oligonucleotide for the hybridization of nanoparticle–DNA conjugates has not been previously assessed in a quantitative manner. The hybridization efficiency of DNA oligonucleotides end-labelled with gold nanoparticles (1.4 or 10 nm diameter) with DNA sequences conjugated to silicon surfaces via hexaethylene glycol phosphate diester oligomer spacers (0, 1, 2, 6 oligomers) was found to be independent of spacer length. To quantify both the density of DNA strands attached to the surfaces and hybridization with the surface-attached DNA, new methodologies have been developed. Firstly, a simple approach based on fluorescence has been developed for determination of the immobilization density of DNA oligonucleotides. Secondly, an approach using mass spectrometry has been created to establish (i) the mean number of DNA oligonucleotides attached to the gold nanoparticles and (ii) the hybridization density of nanoparticle–oligonucleotide conjugates with the silicon surface–attached complementary sequence. These methods and results will be useful for application with nanosensors, the self-assembly of nanoelectronic devices and the attachment of nanoparticles to biomolecules for single-molecule biophysical studies.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Yin, Professor Huabing
Authors: Milton, J. A., Patole, S., Yin, H., Xiao, Q., Brown, T., and Melvin, T.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Biomedical Engineering
Journal Name:Nucleic Acids Research
ISSN:0305-1048
ISSN (Online):1362-4962
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2013 The Authors
First Published:First published in Nucleic Acids Research 41(7):e80
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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