New insights into the morphology of Trypanosoma cruzi reservosome

Sant'Anna, C., Pereira, M. G., Lemgruber Soares, L. , de Souza, W. and Cunha e Silva, N. L. (2008) New insights into the morphology of Trypanosoma cruzi reservosome. Microscopy Research and Technique, 71(8), pp. 599-605. (doi: 10.1002/jemt.20592) (PMID:18452191)

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Reservosomes are late endosomes present only in members of the Schizotrypanum subgenus of the Trypanosoma genus and are defined as the site of storage of endocytosed macromolecules and lysosomal enzymes. They have been extensively described in Trypanosoma cruzi epimastigote: are bounded by a membrane unit, present an electron-dense protein matrix with electron-lucent lipid inclusions, being devoid of inner membranes. Here we performed a detailed ultrastructural analysis of these organelles using a variety of electron microscopy techniques, including ultrathin sectioning, uranyl acetate stained preparations, and freeze fracture, either in intact epimastigotes or in isolated reservosomes. New informations were obtained. First, both isolated and in situ reservosomes presented small profiles of inner membranes that are morphologically similar to the membrane surrounding the organelle. In uranyl acetate stained preparations, internal membrane profiles turned out to be longer than they appeared in ultrathin section images and traversed the organelle diameter. Internal vesicles were also found. Second, endocytosed cargo are not associated with internal vesicles and reach reservosomes on board of vesicles that fuse with the boundary membrane, delivering cargo directly into reservosome lumen. Third, electron-lucent bodies with saturated lipid core surrounded by a membrane monolayer and with unusual rectangular shape were also observed. Fourth, it was possible to demonstrate the presence of intramembranous particles on the E face of both internal vesicles and the surrounding membrane. Collectively, these results indicate that reservosomes have a complex internal structure, which may correlate with their multiple functions.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Lemgruber Soares, Dr Leandro
Authors: Sant'Anna, C., Pereira, M. G., Lemgruber Soares, L., de Souza, W., and Cunha e Silva, N. L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Microscopy Research and Technique
ISSN (Online):1097-0029

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