Cancer immunology and canine malignant melanoma: a comparative review

Atherton, M. J., Morris, J. S. , McDermott, M. R. and Lichty, B. D. (2016) Cancer immunology and canine malignant melanoma: a comparative review. Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, 169, pp. 15-26. (doi:10.1016/j.vetimm.2015.11.003) (PMID:26827834)

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Oral canine malignant melanoma (CMM) is a spontaneously occurring aggressive tumour with relatively few medical treatment options, which provides a suitable model for the disease in humans. Historically, multiple immunotherapeutic strategies aimed at provoking both innate and adaptive anti-tumour immune responses have been published with varying levels of activity against CMM. Recently, a plasmid DNA vaccine expressing human tyrosinase has been licensed for the adjunct treatment of oral CMM. This article reviews the immunological similarities between CMM and the human counterpart; mechanisms by which tumours evade the immune system; reasons why melanoma is an attractive target for immunotherapy; the premise of whole cell, dendritic cell (DC), viral and DNA vaccination strategies alongside preliminary clinical results in dogs. Current “gold standard” treatments for advanced human malignant melanoma are evolving quickly with remarkable results being achieved following the introduction of immune checkpoint blockade and adoptively transferred cell therapies. The rapidly expanding field of cancer immunology and immunotherapeutics means that rational targeting of this disease in both species should enhance treatment outcomes in veterinary and human clinics.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Morris, Professor Joanna
Authors: Atherton, M. J., Morris, J. S., McDermott, M. R., and Lichty, B. D.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine
Journal Name:Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
Publisher:Elsevier B.V.
ISSN (Online):1873-2534
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 Elsevier
First Published:First published in Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology 169:15-26
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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