Premature aging in chronic kidney disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Kooman, J. P., Shiels, P. G. and Stenvinkel, P. (2015) Premature aging in chronic kidney disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care, 18(6), pp. 528-534. (doi:10.1097/mco.0000000000000218) (PMID:26372510)

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Abstract

Purpose of review: There is increasing clinical and pathophysiological evidence that a premature aging process is involved in the pathogenesis of systemic complications of many chronic organ diseases, which result in analogous phenotypes, including premature vascular aging, osteoporosis and muscle wasting. Novel developments from research into the aging process will, therefore, have relevance for understanding complications of organ diseases, such as chronic kidney disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The aim of the present article is to combine recent literature on aging mechanisms with evidence on the pathogenesis of systemic complications of these two chronic debilitating disorders. Recent findings: Recently, nine hallmarks of aging have been identified. In this review, we argue that all of these hallmarks are relevant for the pathogenesis of premature aging processes in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and chronic kidney disease. Additionally, organ-specific alterations in proaging mechanisms, which reveal differences in phenotype against a generic background of premature aging, will be addressed. However, within patient populations who share a common diagnosis, clusters of patients with different phenotypes may be identified, which may show overlap with patients with other chronic diseases. Summary: An increased understanding of the premature aging process as well as its systemic consequences may pave the way for ‘precision’ intervention as well as shared treatment opportunities between chronic debilitating diseases of various causes.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Shiels, Professor Paul
Authors: Kooman, J. P., Shiels, P. G., and Stenvinkel, P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
Publisher:Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:1363-1950
ISSN (Online):1473-6519

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