ACKR4 on stromal cells scavenges CCL19 to enable CCR7-dependent trafficking of APCs from inflamed skin to lymph nodes

Bryce, S. A., Wilson, R. A.M., Tiplady, E. M. , Asquith, D. L., Bromley, S. K., Luster, A. D., Graham, G. J. and Nibbs, R. J.B. (2016) ACKR4 on stromal cells scavenges CCL19 to enable CCR7-dependent trafficking of APCs from inflamed skin to lymph nodes. Journal of Immunology, 196(8), pp. 3341-3353. (doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.1501542) (PMID:26976955)

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Abstract

Dermal dendritic cells and epidermal Langerhans cells are APCs that migrate from skin to draining lymph nodes (LN) to drive peripheral tolerance and adaptive immunity. Their migration requires the chemokine receptor CCR7, which directs egress from the skin via dermal lymphatic vessels and extravasation into the LN parenchyma from lymph in the subcapsular sinus. CCR7 is activated by two chemokines: CCL19 and CCL21. CCL21 alone is sufficient for the migration of APCs from skin to LN. CCL19 and CCL21 also bind atypical chemokine receptor (ACKR) 4. ACKR4-mediated CCL21 scavenging by lymphatic endothelial cells lining the subcapsular sinus ceiling stabilizes interfollicular CCL21 gradients that direct lymph-borne CCR7+ APCs into the parenchyma of mouse LN. In this study, we show that ACKR4 also aids APC egress from mouse skin under steady-state and inflammatory conditions. ACKR4 plays a particularly prominent role during cutaneous inflammation when it facilitates Langerhans cell egress from skin and enables the accumulation of dermal dendritic cells in skin-draining LN. Stromal cells in mouse skin, predominantly keratinocytes and a subset of dermal lymphatic endothelial cells, express ACKR4 and are capable of ACKR4-dependent chemokine scavenging in situ. ACKR4-mediated scavenging of dermal-derived CCL19, rather than CCL21, is critical during inflammation, because the aberrant trafficking of skin-derived APCs in Ackr4-deficient mice is completely rescued by genetic deletion of Ccl19. Thus, ACKR4 on stromal cells aids the egress of APCs from mouse skin, and, during inflammation, facilitates CCR7-dependent cell trafficking by scavenging CCL19.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Asquith, Dr Darren and Bryce, Mr Steven and Tiplady, Dr Ellie and Nibbs, Professor Rob and Graham, Professor Gerard
Authors: Bryce, S. A., Wilson, R. A.M., Tiplady, E. M., Asquith, D. L., Bromley, S. K., Luster, A. D., Graham, G. J., and Nibbs, R. J.B.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Journal of Immunology
Publisher:American Association of Immunologists
ISSN:0022-1767
ISSN (Online):1550-6606

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
514422Regulation of the adaptive immune response by chemokine scavenging receptorsGerard GrahamMedical Research Council (MRC)G0901113III -IMMUNOLOGY