Pseudo-shock waves and their interactions in high-speed intakes

Gnani, F., Zare-Behtash, H. and Kontis, K. (2016) Pseudo-shock waves and their interactions in high-speed intakes. Progress in Aerospace Sciences, 82, pp. 36-56. (doi:10.1016/j.paerosci.2016.02.001)

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Abstract

In an air-breathing engine the flow deceleration from supersonic to subsonic conditions takes places inside the isolator through a gradual compression consisting of a series of shock waves. The wave system, referred to as a pseudo-shock wave or shock train, establishes the combustion chamber entrance conditions, and therefore influences the performance of the entire propulsion system. The characteristics of the pseudo-shock depend on a number of variables which make this flow phenomenon particularly challenging to be analysed. Difficulties in experimentally obtaining accurate flow quantities at high speeds and discrepancies of numerical approaches with measured data have been readily reported. Understanding the flow physics in the presence of the interaction of numerous shock waves with the boundary layer in internal flows is essential to developing methods and control strategies. To counteract the negative effects of shock wave/boundary layer interactions, which are responsible for the engine unstart process, multiple flow control methodologies have been proposed. Improved analytical models, advanced experimental methodologies and numerical simulations have allowed a more in-depth analysis of the flow physics. The present paper aims to bring together the main results, on the shock train structure and its associated phenomena inside isolators, studied using the aforementioned tools. Several promising flow control techniques that have more recently been applied to manipulate the shock wave/boundary layer interaction are also examined in this review.

Item Type:Articles (Editorial)
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gnani, Francesca and Zare-Behtash, Dr Hossein and Kontis, Professor Konstantinos
Authors: Gnani, F., Zare-Behtash, H., and Kontis, K.
Subjects:Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QC Physics
T Technology > T Technology (General)
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Aerospace Sciences
Journal Name:Progress in Aerospace Sciences
Publisher:Elsevier Ltd.
ISSN:0376-0421
ISSN (Online):1873-1724
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 Elsevier
First Published:First published in Progress in Aerospace Sciences 82:36-56
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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