Effects of Le Fort I osteotomy on the nasopharyngeal airway—6-month follow-up

Almuzian, M., Almukhtar, A., Ju, X., Al-Hiyali, A., Benington, P. and Ayoub, A. (2016) Effects of Le Fort I osteotomy on the nasopharyngeal airway—6-month follow-up. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 74(2), pp. 380-391. (doi:10.1016/j.joms.2015.06.172)

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Abstract

Purpose: The literature discussing the impact of a single Le Fort I osteotomy on nasopharyngeal airways is limited. This study assessed the volumetric changes in the nasopharyngeal airway after a single Le Fort I osteotomy and explored the correlation between these changes and 3-dimensional surgical movements of the upper jaw. Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was conducted in 40 patients who had undergone a single Le Fort I (maxillary advancement with or without impaction) to correct Class III malocclusion with maxillary hypoplasia. Preoperative (T1) and 6-month postoperative (T2) cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) scans of these patients were used for analysis. Maxillary surgical movements and volumetric changes in the nasopharyngeal airway were measured. The reproducibility of the measurements was evaluated using paired t tests and intraclass correlation coefficients. The Wilcoxon test and Pearson correlation coefficient were applied to evaluate the volumetric changes in the nasopharyngeal airway space and assess the correlations of these changes to the maxillary surgical movements. Results: Six patients were excluded from the study owing to major differences (>5) in their head and neck posture between the T1 and T2 CBCT scans. The errors of the repeated measurements were insignificant (P > .05), with a high level of agreement (r = 0.99; P < .05) between the repeated digitization of the landmarks. There was a statistically significant impact of a Le Fort I osteotomy on the right maxillary sinus (decreased by 17.8%) and the lower retropalatal space (expanded by 17.3%; P < .05). The correlation between the change in airway volume and the magnitude of surgical maxillary movements was moderate (r = .4). Similarly, there was a moderate correlation between changes in the upper nasopharynx and those in the hypopharynx. Conclusion: The single Le Fort I osteotomy was found to increase the retroglossal airway volume. This could be important for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea in patients with maxillary deficiency. A long-term follow-up assessment of a larger sample with a functional assessment of airway would be bene- ficial to confirm these findings.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ju, Dr Xiangyang and Ayoub, Professor Ashraf and Benington, Mr Philip
Authors: Almuzian, M., Almukhtar, A., Ju, X., Al-Hiyali, A., Benington, P., and Ayoub, A.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
Journal Name:Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0278-2391
ISSN (Online):1531-5053

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