3D single-pixel video

Zhang, Y. , Edgar, M. P., Sun, B., Radwell, N., Gibson, G. M. and Padgett, M. J. (2016) 3D single-pixel video. Journal of Optics, 18(3), 035203. (doi:10.1088/2040-8978/18/3/035203)

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Abstract

Photometric stereo is an established three-dimensional (3D) imaging technique for estimating surface shape and reflectivity using multiple images of a scene taken from the same viewpoint but subject to different illumination directions. Importantly, this technique requires the scene to remain static during image acquisition otherwise pixel-matching errors can introduce significant errors in the reconstructed image. In this work, we demonstrate a modified photometric stereo system with perfect pixel-registration, capable of reconstructing 3D images of scenes exhibiting dynamic behavior in real-time. Performing high-speed structured illumination of a scene and sensing the reflected light with four spatially-separated, single-pixel detectors, our system reconstructs continuous real-time 3D video at ~8 frames per second for image resolutions of 64 × 64 pixels. Moreover, since this approach does not use a pixelated camera sensor, it can be readily extended to other wavelengths, such as the infrared, where camera technology is expensive.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Gibson, Dr Graham and Radwell, Dr Neal and Sun, Mr Baoqing and Padgett, Professor Miles and Zhang, Dr Yiwei and Edgar, Dr Matthew
Authors: Zhang, Y., Edgar, M. P., Sun, B., Radwell, N., Gibson, G. M., and Padgett, M. J.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Journal of Optics
Publisher:Institute of Physics Publishing Ltd.
ISSN:2040-8978
ISSN (Online):2040-8986
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 IOP Publishing Ltd.
First Published:First published in Journal of Optics 18(3):035203
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License
Data DOI:10.5525/gla.researchdata.263

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
549871Challenges in Orbital Angular MomentumMiles PadgettEngineering & Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC)EP/I012451/1P&A - PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY
624501TWISTS - Twists & more: the complex shape of lightMiles PadgettEuropean Research Council (ERC)340507S&E P&A - PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY