Simultaneous IRIS and Hinode/EIS observations and modelling of the 27 October 2014 X 2.0 class flare

Polito, V., Reep, J.W., Reeves, K.K., Simoes, P.J.A. , Dudik, J., Del Zanna, G., Mason, H.E. and Golub, L. (2016) Simultaneous IRIS and Hinode/EIS observations and modelling of the 27 October 2014 X 2.0 class flare. Astrophysical Journal, 816, 2. (doi: 10.3847/0004-637X/816/2/89)

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We present the study of the X2-class flare which occurred on the 27 October 2014 and was observed with the Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph (IRIS) and the EUV Imaging Spectrometer (EIS) on board the Hinode satellite. Thanks to the high cadence and spatial resolution of the IRIS and EIS instruments, we are able to compare simultaneous observations of the \xxi~1354.08~\AA~and \xxiii~263.77~\AA~high temperature emission (≳ 10~MK) in the flare ribbon during the chromospheric evaporation phase. We find that IRIS observes completely blue-shifted \xxi~line profiles, up to 200 km s−1 during the rise phase of the flare, indicating that the site of the plasma upflows is resolved by IRIS. In contrast, the \xxiii~line is often asymmetric, which we interpret as being due to the lower spatial resolution of EIS. Temperature estimates from SDO/AIA and Hinode/XRT show that hot emission (log(T)[K] > 7.2) is first concentrated at the footpoints before filling the loops. Density sensitive lines from IRIS and EIS give electron number density estimates of ≳~1012~cm−3 in the transition region lines and 1010~cm−3 in the coronal lines during the impulsive phase. In order to compare the observational results against theoretical predictions, we have run a simulation of a flare loop undergoing heating using the HYDRAD 1D hydro code. We find that the simulated plasma parameters are close to the observed values which are obtained with IRIS, Hinode and AIA. These results support an electron beam heating model rather than a purely thermal conduction model as the driving mechanism for this flare.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Simoes, Dr Paulo
Authors: Polito, V., Reep, J.W., Reeves, K.K., Simoes, P.J.A., Dudik, J., Del Zanna, G., Mason, H.E., and Golub, L.
Subjects:Q Science > QB Astronomy
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Research Group:Astronomy & Astrophysics
Journal Name:Astrophysical Journal
Publisher:Institute of Physics Publishing Ltd.
ISSN (Online):1538-4357
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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
595181Chromospheric Flares: Observations, Models and Archives (CHROMA)Lyndsay FletcherEuropean Commission (EC)606862P&A - PHYSICS & ASTRONOMY