Explaining differences in sub-national patterns of clean technology transfer to China and India

Bayer, P. , Urpelainen, J. and Xu, A. (2016) Explaining differences in sub-national patterns of clean technology transfer to China and India. International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics, 16(2), pp. 261-283. (doi:10.1007/s10784-014-9257-2)

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Abstract

The Kyoto Protocol’s Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) has the capacity to incentivize the international transfer of environmentally sound technologies. Given that both countries are expected to have similar incentives when managing the distribution of technology transfer within the country, why do sub-national patterns in the allocation of projects with technology transfer differ? Using comparable political–economic data compiled for China and India, we offer an explanation for these differences. In China, where the government regards the CDM as a tool for achieving sustainable development, technology transfer is concentrated in provinces that need it the most and that are most conducive to receiving transfers (i.e., economically less developed, yet heavily industrialized provinces). In India, where the government takes on a “laissez-faire” approach to the CDM, neither level of economic development nor that of industrialization affects clean technology transfer. In this regard, although the incentives are similar, the capacity to pursue them is not comparable. We test these hypotheses using data on CDM technology transfer across Chinese provinces and Indian states during the 6-year period from 2004 to 2010.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10784-014-9257-2
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Bayer, Dr Patrick
Authors: Bayer, P., Urpelainen, J., and Xu, A.
College/School:College of Social Sciences > School of Social and Political Sciences > Politics
Journal Name:International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1567-9764
ISSN (Online):1573-1553
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2014 Springer International Publishing
First Published:First published in International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics 16(2):261-283
Publisher Policy:Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher

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