Synthesis of novel anti-inflammatory peptides derived from the amino-acid sequence of the bioactive protein SV-IV

Ialenti, A. et al. (2001) Synthesis of novel anti-inflammatory peptides derived from the amino-acid sequence of the bioactive protein SV-IV. European Journal of Biochemistry, 268(12), pp. 3399-3406. (doi:10.1046/j.1432-1327.2001.02236.x) (PMID:11422369)

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Abstract

SV-IV is a basic, thermostable, secretory protein of low Mr (9758) that is synthesized by rat seminal vesicle (SV) epithelium under strict androgen transcriptional control. This protein is of obvious pharmacological interest because it has potent nonspecies-specific immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, and pro-coagulant activities. In evaluating the clinical relevance and the possible use in medicine of SV-IV, we became interested in the study of its structure–function relationships and aimed to identify in its polypeptide chain specific peptide fragments possessing the marked anti-inflammatory properties of the protein not associated with other biological activities (pro-coagulation and immunomodulation) typical of this molecule. By using two different experimental approaches (the fragmentation of the protein into peptide derivatives by chemical methods and the organic synthesis on solid phase of selected peptide fragments), data were obtained showing that in this protein: (a) the immunomodulatory activity is related to the structural integrity of the whole molecule; (b) the anti-inflammatory activity is located in the N-terminal region of the molecule, the 8–16 peptide fragment being the most active; (c) the identified anti-inflammatory peptide derivatives do not seem to possess pro-coagulant activity, even though this particular function has been located in the 1–70 segment of the molecule.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Maffia, Dr Pasquale
Authors: Ialenti, A., Santagada, V., Caliendo, G., Severino, B., Fiorino, F., Maffia, P., Ianaro, A., Morelli, F., Di Micco, B., Cartenì, M., Stiuso, P., Metafora, V., and Metafora, S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:European Journal of Biochemistry
Publisher:Wiley
ISSN:0014-2956
ISSN (Online):1432-1033

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