Predictors of outcome for two treatments for bulimia nervosa: short and long term

Turnbull, S. J., Schmidt, U., Troop, N. A., Tiller, J., Todd, G. and Treasure, J. L. (1997) Predictors of outcome for two treatments for bulimia nervosa: short and long term. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 21(1), pp. 17-22. (doi:10.1002/(SICI)1098-108X(199701)21:1<17::AID-EAT2>3.0.CO;2-6) (PMID:8986513)

Full text not currently available from Enlighten.

Abstract

This study examined pretreatment variables to predict outcome in two treatments for bulimia nervosa. Method: Patients were offered either 16 weeks of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) or a self-treatment manual followed by up to 8 weeks of CBT (sequential group). Using complete data, stepwise regression analyses were performed. Results: It was found the a longer duration of illness and lower binge frequency predicted a better outcome both at the end of treatment (p < .001) and at 18 months of follow-up (p < .005). In the sequential group, lower pretreatment binge frequency predicted better outcome at the end of treatment (p < .05) and at 18 months of follow-up (p < .05). In the CBT group, longer duration of illness predicted better outcome at the end of treatment (p < .02). Discussion: It is concluded that (1) those with more frequent binging may require a more intense intervention and (2) those who have been ill longer may be more motivated to respond to treatment.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Turnbull, Dr Susan
Authors: Turnbull, S. J., Schmidt, U., Troop, N. A., Tiller, J., Todd, G., and Treasure, J. L.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:International Journal of Eating Disorders
Publisher:John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
ISSN:0276-3478
ISSN (Online):1098-108X

University Staff: Request a correction | Enlighten Editors: Update this record