New insights into the occurrence of C-13-depleted carbon in the mantle from two closely associated kimberlites: Letlhakane and Orapa, Botswana

Deines, P. and Harris, J. (2004) New insights into the occurrence of C-13-depleted carbon in the mantle from two closely associated kimberlites: Letlhakane and Orapa, Botswana. Lithos, 77, pp. 125-142. (doi:10.1016/j.lithos.2004.04.015)

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Abstract

Carbon isotope measurements on diamonds from the Letlhakane kimberlite, and the analyses of their inclusions, permit the examination of km-scale mantle-composition variations by comparing the results with those for the nearby Orapa kimberlite. Diamonds from Letlhakane have a wide range in carbon isotopic composition (−3‰ to −21‰); however, the relative abundance of diamonds depleted in 13C is significantly lower than in the Orapa kimberlite. Most of the 13C-depleted diamonds belong to the eclogictic or websteritic paragenesis. The relative abundance of inclusions in diamonds and their composition indicate that there are significant differences in petrology in the mantle below the two locations. At Letlhakane, peridotitic compositions are more prevalent than at Orapa and the protolith of P-Type inclusions in diamonds may have experienced a higher degree of partial melting at Letlhakane compared to Orapa. P/T estimates for both W- and E-Type diamonds indicate that a region of 13C-depletion may exist beneath the two kimberlites. The relationships between carbon isotopic composition of the host diamond and the Al2O3/Cr2O3 ratios of their websteritic and eclogitic garnet inclusions indicate that the low δ13C regions may represent a primary mantle feature, unrelated to a crustal component.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Harris, Dr Jeff
Authors: Deines, P., and Harris, J.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Geographical and Earth Sciences
Journal Name:Lithos
Publisher:Elsevier BV
ISSN:0024-4937
ISSN (Online):1872-6143

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