Sustained proliferation in cancer: mechanisms and novel therapeutic targets

Feitelson, M. A. et al. (2015) Sustained proliferation in cancer: mechanisms and novel therapeutic targets. Seminars in Cancer Biology, 35(Suppl), S25-S54. (doi: 10.1016/j.semcancer.2015.02.006) (PMID:25892662) (PMCID:PMC4898971)

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Proliferation is an important part of cancer development and progression. This is manifest by altered expression and/or activity of cell cycle related proteins. Constitutive activation of many signal transduction pathways also stimulates cell growth. Early steps in tumor development are associated with a fibrogenic response and the development of a hypoxic environment which favors the survival and proliferation of cancer stem cells. Part of the survival strategy of cancer stem cells may manifested by alterations in cell metabolism. Once tumors appear, growth and metastasis may be supported by overproduction of appropriate hormones (in hormonally dependent cancers), by promoting angiogenesis, by undergoing epithelial to mesenchymal transition, by triggering autophagy, and by taking cues from surrounding stromal cells. A number of natural compounds (e.g., curcumin, resveratrol, indole-3-carbinol, brassinin, sulforaphane, epigallocatechin-3-gallate, genistein, ellagitannins, lycopene and quercetin) have been found to inhibit one or more pathways that contribute to proliferation (e.g., hypoxia inducible factor 1, nuclear factor kappa B, phosphoinositide 3 kinase/Akt, insulin-like growth factor receptor 1, Wnt, cell cycle associated proteins, as well as androgen and estrogen receptor signaling). These data, in combination with bioinformatics analyses, will be very important for identifying signaling pathways and molecular targets that may provide early diagnostic markers and/or critical targets for the development of new drugs or drug combinations that block tumor formation and progression.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Keith, Professor Nicol and Bilsland, Dr Alan
Authors: Feitelson, M. A., Arzumanyan, A., Kulathinal, R. J., Blain, S. W., Holcombe, R. F., Mahajna, J., Marino, M., Martinez-Chantar, M. L., Nawroth, R., Sanchez-Garcia, I., Sharma, D., Saxena, N. K., Singh, N., Vlachostergios, P. J., Guo, S., Honoki, K., Fujii, H., Georgakilas, A. G., Bilsland, A., Amedei, A., Niccolai, E., Amin, A., Ashraf, S. S., Boosani, C. S., Guha, G., Ciriolo, M. R., Aquilano, K., Chen, S., Mohammed, S. I., Azmi, A. S., Bhakta, D., Halicka, D., Keith, W. N., and Nowsheen, S.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
Journal Name:Seminars in Cancer Biology
Publisher:Elsevier B.V.
ISSN (Online):1096-3650
Published Online:17 April 2015

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
580721Optimisation of telomerase expression repressorsNicol KeithCancer Research UK (CAN-RES-UK)14762ICS - EXPERIMENTAL THERAPEUTICS
580722Optimisation of telomerase expression repressorsNicol KeithCancer Research UK (CAN-RES-UK)14762ICS - EXPERIMENTAL THERAPEUTICS