Identification of molecular markers of delayed graft function based on the regulation of biological ageing

McGuinness, D. et al. (2016) Identification of molecular markers of delayed graft function based on the regulation of biological ageing. PLoS ONE, 11(1), e0146378. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0146378) (PMID:26734715) (PMCID:PMC4703336)

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Abstract

Introduction: Delayed graft function is a prevalent clinical problem in renal transplantation for which there is no objective system to predict occurrence in advance. It can result in a significant increase in the necessity for hospitalisation post-transplant and is a significant risk factor for other post-transplant complications. Methodology: The importance of microRNAs (miRNAs), a specific subclass of small RNA, have been clearly demonstrated to influence many pathways in health and disease. To investigate the influence of miRNAs on renal allograft performance post-transplant, the expression of a panel of miRNAs in pre-transplant renal biopsies was measured using qPCR. Expression was then related to clinical parameters and outcomes in two independent renal transplant cohorts. Results: Here we demonstrate, in two independent cohorts of pre-implantation human renal allograft biopsies, that a novel pre-transplant renal performance scoring system (GRPSS), can determine the occurrence of DGF with a high sensitivity (>90%) and specificity (>60%) for donor allografts pre-transplant, using just three senescence associated microRNAs combined with donor age and type of organ donation. Conclusion: These results demonstrate a relationship between pre-transplant microRNA expression levels, cellular biological ageing pathways and clinical outcomes for renal transplantation. They provide for a simple, rapid quantitative molecular pre-transplant assay to determine post-transplant allograft function and scope for future intervention. Furthermore, these results demonstrate the involvement of senescence pathways in ischaemic injury during the organ transplantation process and an indication of accelerated bio-ageing as a consequence of both warm and cold ischaemia.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:This work was supported by Cunningham Trust, Darlinda’s Charity for Renal Research and NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde Endowment grant (PS, DM). For the analysis of the validation cohort funding has been received from the European Community's Seventh Framework Programme under the grant agreement No. 241544.
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:McConnachie, Dr Alex and Mohammed, Dr Suhaib and Whalen, Dr Henry and Little, Dr Ann-Margaret and Shiels, Professor Paul and Kingsmore, Mr David and McGuinness, Dr Dagmara and Clancy, Mr Marc
Authors: McGuinness, D., Leierer, J., Shapter, O., Mohammed, S., Gingell-Littlejohn, M., Kingsmore, D. B., Little, A.-M., Kerschbaum, J., Schneeberger, S., Maglione, M., Nadalin, S., Wagner, S., Königsrainer, A., Aitken, E., Whalen, H., Clancy, M., McConnachie, A., Koppelstaetter, C., Stevenson, K. S., and Shiels, P. G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Cancer Sciences
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Robertson Centre
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing
Journal Name:PLoS ONE
Publisher:Public Library of Science
ISSN:1932-6203
ISSN (Online):1932-6203
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 McGuinness et al.
First Published:First published in PLoS ONE 11(1), e0146378
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons licence

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