The positive and negative consequences of stressors during early life

Monaghan, P. and Haussmann, M. F. (2015) The positive and negative consequences of stressors during early life. Early Human Development, 91(11), pp. 643-647. (doi: 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2015.08.008) (PMID:26385447) (PMCID:PMC4706554)

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Abstract

We discuss the long-term effects of stress exposure in pre- and early postnal life. We present an evolutionary framework within which such effects can be viewed, and describe how the outcomes might vary with species life histories. We focus on stressors that induce increases in glucocorticoid hormones and discuss the advantages of an experimental approach. We describe a number of studies demonstrating how exposure to these hormones in early life can influence stress responsiveness and have substantial long-term, negative consequences for adult longevity. We also describe how early life exposure to mild levels of stressors can have beneficial effects on resilience to stress in later life, and discuss how the balance of costs and benefits is likely dependent on the nature of the adult environment.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Haussmann, Professor Mark and Monaghan, Professor Pat
Authors: Monaghan, P., and Haussmann, M. F.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health and Comparative Medicine
Journal Name:Early Human Development
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0378-3782
ISSN (Online):1872-6232
Published Online:15 September 2015
Copyright Holders:Copyright © 2016 Elsevier
First Published:First published in Early Human Development 91(11):643-647
Publisher Policy:Reproduced under a Creative Commons License

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Project CodeAward NoProject NamePrincipal InvestigatorFunder's NameFunder RefLead Dept
590411Early life adversity, telomere length and adult cognition: the starling as an experimental modelPatricia MonaghanBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC)BB/J015091/1RI BIODIVERSITY ANIMAL HEALTH & COMPMED
654191Visiting ProfessorshipPatricia MonaghanLeverhulme Trust (LEVERHULME)VP2-2013-032RI BIODIVERSITY ANIMAL HEALTH & COMPMED