The impact of orthognathic surgery on facial expressions

Al-Hiyali, A., Ayoub, A. , Ju, X., Almuzian, M. and Al-Anezi, T. (2015) The impact of orthognathic surgery on facial expressions. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 73(12), pp. 2380-2390. (doi: 10.1016/j.joms.2015.05.008) (PMID:26044608)

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Purpose The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of orthognathic surgical correction of facial asymmetry and maxillary hypoplasia on the magnitude and pattern of facial expressions. Patients and Methods This study was carried out on 2 cohorts of patients: in group 1, 10 patients had surgical correction of facial asymmetry; in group 2, 13 patients had Le Fort I osteotomy to correct maxillary hypoplasia. The patients were asked to perform 3 facial expressions (maximal smile, lip purse, and cheek puff) that were recorded using the Di4D image-capture system before and after surgery. The capture of each expression generated 180 3-dimensional (3D) facial images. Twenty-seven facial soft tissue landmarks were digitized on the first frame of the 3D image of each expression and a mathematical generic mesh was applied on the 3D model to clone each patient's face. The cloned mesh was superimposed automatically on each sequence of the 3D images to evaluate the pattern of facial expressions. The digitization of facial landmarks was satisfactorily accurate and reproducible. Results In group 1, the asymmetry of facial expressions was significantly decreased after surgical correction (P = .0458). In group 2, Le Fort I osteotomy decreased the magnitude of facial expressions (P = .0267). Conclusion This study confirmed that orthognathic surgery affects the dynamics of facial expressions; this should be considered when planning the surgery and informing patients about the surgical correction of dentofacial deformities.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ju, Dr Xiangyang and Ayoub, Professor Ashraf
Authors: Al-Hiyali, A., Ayoub, A., Ju, X., Almuzian, M., and Al-Anezi, T.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > School of Medicine, Dentistry & Nursing > Dental School
Journal Name:Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
ISSN (Online):1531-5053

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