Spatial extrapolation versus temporal entrainment of reflexive attention by apparent motion stimuli are governed by separate mechanisms

Ahrens, M.-M., Veniero, D., Harvey, M. and Thut, G. (2015) Spatial extrapolation versus temporal entrainment of reflexive attention by apparent motion stimuli are governed by separate mechanisms. Perception, 44(S1), p. 136. (doi:10.1177/0301006615598674) (PMID:26562902)

Ahrens, M.-M., Veniero, D., Harvey, M. and Thut, G. (2015) Spatial extrapolation versus temporal entrainment of reflexive attention by apparent motion stimuli are governed by separate mechanisms. Perception, 44(S1), p. 136. (doi:10.1177/0301006615598674) (PMID:26562902)

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Abstract

Dynamic stimuli capture attention, even if not in the focus of endogenous attention. Such a stimulus is apparent motion, given that it benefits perception of targets in the motion path. These benefits have been attributed to motion-induced ‘entrainment’ of attention to expected locations (spatial extrapolation) and/or expected time-points (temporal entrainment). Here, we studied the automatic nature of spatial extrapolation versus temporal entrainment with apparent motion stimuli, when motion was task-irrelevant. Participants performed an endogenously cued target detection task, in which symbolic cues prompted attention shifts to lateralized target positons (75% validity). Simultaneously, apparent motion cues flickered either rhythmically or arhythmically across the screen, such that targets appeared either in or out of motion trajectory. Although the motion cue can be considered a distractor (non-informative as to target location), motion direction influenced target detection, which is in line with automatic extrapolation of spatial positions during apparent motion. An effect that was independent and additive to the endogenous cueing benefit. Importantly, temporal cueing in the motion stream also influenced target detection. However, this effect was independent of reflexive motion-cueing to spatial positions. We conclude that spatial extrapolation and temporal entrainment of attention by apparent motion are governed by partially independent reflexive mechanisms.

Item Type:Articles
Additional Information:38th European Conference on Visual Perception (ECVP), Liverpool, 2015
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Ahrens, Miss Merle and Thut, Professor Gregor and Harvey, Dr Monika and Veniero, Dr Domenica
Authors: Ahrens, M.-M., Veniero, D., Harvey, M., and Thut, G.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology
College of Science and Engineering > School of Psychology
Journal Name:Perception
Publisher:Sage
ISSN:0301-0066
ISSN (Online):1468-4233

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