Sleep problems and self-harm in adolescence

Hysing, M., Sivertsen, B., Stormark, K.M. and O'Connor, R.C. (2015) Sleep problems and self-harm in adolescence. British Journal of Psychiatry, 207(4), pp. 306-312. (doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.114.146514) (PMID:26206862)

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Background: Although self-harm and sleep problems are major public health problems in adolescence, detailed epidemiological assessment is essential to understand the nature of this relationship. Aims: To conduct a detailed assessment of the relationship between sleep and self-harm in adolescence. Method: A large population-based study in Norway surveyed 10 220 adolescents aged 16–19 years on mental health, including a comprehensive assessment of sleep and self-harm. Results: Adolescents with sleep problems were significantly more likely to report self-harm than those without sleep problems. Insomnia, short sleep duration, long sleep onset latency, wake after sleep on set as well as large differences between weekdays versus weekends, yielded higher odds of self-harm consistent with a dose–response relationship. Depressive symptoms accounted for some, but not all, of this association. Conclusions: The findings highlight a strong relationship between sleep problems and self-harm. Interventions to reduce adolescent self-harm ought to incorporate sleep problems as a treatment target.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:O'Connor, Professor Rory
Authors: Hysing, M., Sivertsen, B., Stormark, K.M., and O'Connor, R.C.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Health and Wellbeing > Mental Health and Wellbeing
Journal Name:British Journal of Psychiatry
Publisher:Royal College of Psychiatrists
ISSN (Online):1472-1465

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