Effect of area postrema lesion on low-frequency arterial pressure oscillations in dogs

Pollick, F.E. , Barnes, K.L. and Ferrario, C.M. (1987) Effect of area postrema lesion on low-frequency arterial pressure oscillations in dogs. American Journal of Physiology, 253(3 Pt 2), H524-H530. (PMID:3631290)

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To explore the possibility that chronic inactivation of the area postrema (AP) may alter the frequency distribution of oscillations in blood pressure, the power spectra for mean arterial pressure (MAP) were evaluated in conscious dogs before and after heat coagulation (n = 4) or sham lesions (n = 6) of the AP. No significant changes in MAP were observed in either group of dogs after surgery. Tachycardia was seen in AP-lesioned animals after surgery; no consistent changes in heart rate were found in sham-lesioned dogs. Spectra were averaged to provide a group spectral estimate for the AP-lesioned and sham-lesioned groups, respectively, for each experimental period. In the sham-lesioned group a variance peak was observed at approximately 0.03 Hz both before and after surgery. The same peak was seen in the AP-lesioned group during the control period but disappeared following AP lesion, apparently because a greater proportion of the variance was shifted toward frequencies below 0.03 Hz. In addition, a peak related to respiratory rate was present in both groups before surgery but was selectively abolished by AP lesion. AP lesion also substantially reduced the power associated with frequencies between 0.1 and 0.4 Hz. The use of spectral analysis has allowed us to demonstrate that a low-frequency oscillation of MAP in conscious, resting dogs requires the integrity of the AP and that the 0.1- to 0.4-Hz components of the variability of MAP are attenuated after removal of the AP.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Pollick, Professor Frank
Authors: Pollick, F.E., Barnes, K.L., and Ferrario, C.M.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Psychology
Journal Name:American Journal of Physiology
Publisher:American Physiological Society

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