Discriminating rigid from nonrigid motion: Minimum points and views

Braunstein, M. L., Hoffman, D. D. and Pollick, F. E. (1990) Discriminating rigid from nonrigid motion: Minimum points and views. Perception and Psychophysics, 47(3), pp. 205-214. (doi:10.3758/BF03204996) (PMID:2326144)

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Abstract

Theoretical investigations of structure from motion have demonstrated that an ideal observer can discriminate rigid from nonrigid motion from two views of as few as four points. We report three experiments that demonstrate similar abilities in human observers: In one experiment, 4 of 6 subjects made this discrimination from two views of four points; the remaining subjects required five points. Accuracy in discriminating rigid from nonrigid motion depended on the amount of nonrigidity (variance ofthe interpoint distances overviews) in the nonrigid structure. The ability to detect a rigid group dropped sharply as noise points (points not part of the rigid group) were added to the display. We conclude that human observers do extremely well in discriminating between nonrigid and fully rigid motion, but that they do quite poorly at segregating points in a display on the basis of rigidity.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Pollick, Professor Frank
Authors: Braunstein, M. L., Hoffman, D. D., and Pollick, F. E.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Psychology
Journal Name:Perception and Psychophysics
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0031-5117
ISSN (Online):1532-5962

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