Perceiving shape from profiles

Pollick, F. E. (1994) Perceiving shape from profiles. Perception and Psychophysics, 55(2), pp. 152-161. (doi: 10.3758/BF03211663) (PMID:8036097)

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Four experiments related human perception of shape from profiles to current theoretical predictions. In Experiment 1, judgments of structure and motion were obtained for single- and dualellipsoid displays rotating about various axes. Ratings were highest when the axis of rotation was in the image plane and were influenced by the number of ellipsoids and the orientation of a single ellipsoid. The subsequent experiments explored the effect of orientation on shape judgments of a single ellipsoid. The results of Experiments 2 and 3 suggested that the effect of orientation found in Experiment 1 was not due to either the inability of certain orientations to be perceived as three-dimensional objects or to two-dimensional artifacts. It was thus argued that this effect of orientation was due to points of correspondence in relative motion that arise when the major axis is not perpendicular to the axis of rotation. In Experiment 4, subjects provided judgments of both shape and angular velocity. The elevated ellipsoids that were judged as larger were also judged as rotating more slowly. The inverse relationship between size and angular velocity is consistent with current theories. The connection between theory and data was further demonstrated by applying a shape-recovery algorithm to the stimuli used in Experiment 4 and finding a similar tradeoff between angular velocity and shape.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Pollick, Professor Frank
Authors: Pollick, F. E.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Psychology
Journal Name:Perception and Psychophysics
ISSN (Online):1532-5962

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