Perceived motion in structure from motion: pointing responses to the axis of rotation

Pollick, F.E. , Nishida, S., Koike, Y. and Kawato, M. (1994) Perceived motion in structure from motion: pointing responses to the axis of rotation. Perception and Psychophysics, 56(1), pp. 91-109. (doi: 10.3758/BF03211693) (PMID:8084735)

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We investigated the ability to match finger orientation to the direction of the axis of rotation in structure-from-motion displays. Preliminary experiments verified that subjects could accurately use the index finger to report direction. The remainder of the experiments studied the perception of the axis of rotation from full rotations of a group of discrete points, the profiles of a rotating ellipsoid, and two views of a group of discrete points. Subjects' responses were analyzed by decomposing the pointing responses into their slant and tilt components. Overall, the results indicated that subjects were sensitive to both slant and tilt. However, when the axis of rotation was near the viewing direction, subjects had difficulty reporting tilt with profiles and two views and showed a large bias in their slant judgments with two views and full rotations. These results are not entirely consistent with theoretical predictions. The results, particularly for two views, suggest that additional constraints are used by humans in the recovery of structure from motion.

Item Type:Articles
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Pollick, Professor Frank
Authors: Pollick, F.E., Nishida, S., Koike, Y., and Kawato, M.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Psychology
Journal Name:Perception and Psychophysics
ISSN (Online):1532-5962

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