Process map for the hydrothermal synthesis of α-Fe2O3 nanorods

Almeida, T. P. , Fay, M., Zhu, Y. and Brown, P. D. (2009) Process map for the hydrothermal synthesis of α-Fe2O3 nanorods. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 113(43), pp. 18689-18698. (doi:10.1021/jp907081j)

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Abstract

A “process map” for the hydrothermal synthesis (HS) of single crystalline α-Fe2O3 nanorods from aqueous FeCl3 is presented, as a function of temperature, time, and phosphate concentration, as assessed using the combined techniques of X-ray diffractometry, transmission electron microscopy, selected area electron diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectrometry, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The process map provides insight into the nature of intermediate β-FeOOH nanorod precipitation, dissolution and subsequent α-Fe2O3 growth, along with the effect of PO43− anion concentration on the α-Fe2O3 particle shape. Increasing the processing temperature in the absence of a surfactant promoted the dissolution of initially formed β-FeOOH nanorods and the nucleation and growth of equiaxed α-Fe2O3 nanoparticles with rhombohedral morphology. Increasing additions of phosphate surfactant resulted in a shape change of the α-Fe2O3 nanoparticles into lenticular α-Fe2O3 nanorods with increasing aspect ratio but with progressive inhibition of α-Fe2O3 phase formation. Increasing the synthesis temperature in the presence of PO43− anions was associated with the recovery of well-defined single crystal, lenticular nanorods. Increasing the time of synthesis in the presence of PO43− anions was similarly associated with the progressive formation and dissolution of β-FeOOH and the growth of well-defined lenticular α-Fe2O3 nanorods. An HS processing temperature of 200 °C and an Fe3+−PO43− molar ratio of 31.5 yielded optimized crystalline lenticular α-Fe2O3 nanorods with an aspect ratio of ∼7. Chemical analysis indicated that some P was retained within the bulk of the developed α-Fe2O3 nanorods.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Almeida, Dr Trevor
Authors: Almeida, T. P., Fay, M., Zhu, Y., and Brown, P. D.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Journal of Physical Chemistry C
Publisher:American Chemical Society
ISSN:1932-7447
ISSN (Online):1932-7455

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