Squeezed light for the interferometric detection of high- frequency gravitational waves

Schnabel, R., Harms, J., Strain, K. and Danzmann, K. (2004) Squeezed light for the interferometric detection of high- frequency gravitational waves. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 21(5), S1045-S1051. (doi: 10.1088/0264-9381/21/5/099)

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Publisher's URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0264-9381/21/5/099

Abstract

The quantum noise of the light field is a fundamental noise source in interferometric gravitational-wave detectors. Injected squeezed light is capable of reducing the quantum noise contribution to the detector noise floor to values that surpass the so-called standard quantum limit (SQL). In particular, squeezed light is useful for the detection of gravitational waves at high frequencies where interferometers are typically shot-noise limited, although the SQL might not be beaten in this case. We theoretically analyse the quantum noise of the signal-recycled laser interferometric gravitational-wave detector GEO 600 with additional input and output optics, namely frequency-dependent squeezing of the vacuum state of light entering the dark port and frequency-dependent homodyne detection. We focus on the frequency range between 1 kHz and 10 kHz, where, although signal recycled, the detector is still shot-noise limited. It is found that the GEO 600 detector with present design parameters will benefit from frequency-dependent squeezed light. Assuming a squeezing strength of -6 dB in quantum noise variance, the interferometer will become thermal noise limited up to 4 kHz without further reduction of bandwidth. At higher frequencies the linear noise spectral density of GEO 600 will still be dominated by shot noise and improved by a factor of 10(6dB/20dB) approximate to 2 according to the squeezing strength assumed. The interferometer might reach a strain sensitivity of 6 x 10(-23) above 1 kHz (tunable) with a bandwidth of around 350 Hz. We propose a scheme to implement the desired frequency-dependent squeezing by introducing an additional optical component into GEO 600's signal-recycling cavity.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Strain, Professor Kenneth
Authors: Schnabel, R., Harms, J., Strain, K., and Danzmann, K.
Subjects:Q Science > QC Physics
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Physics and Astronomy
Journal Name:Classical and Quantum Gravity
ISSN:0264-9381
ISSN (Online):1361-6382

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