Microbial colonization of soft contact lenses over time

Sweeney, D. F., Stapleton, F., Leitch, C., Taylor, J., Holden, B. A. and Willcox, M. D. P. (2001) Microbial colonization of soft contact lenses over time. Optometry and Vision Science, 78(2), pp. 100-105. (doi: 10.1097/00006324-200102000-00010) (PMID:11265924)

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Abstract

Purpose:. To compare the bacterial colonization of soft contact lenses in subjects for successively increasing periods, up to 13 nights of wear. The aim of this study was to determine whether increasing the length of lens wear predisposed subjects to high levels of microbial colonization of lenses. Methods:. Subjects (N = 20) were divided into those with a prior history of adverse events (N = 6), Gram-negative bacterial carriers (N = 6), and those with no previous history (N = 8). Results.: There were no temporal changes in microbial colonization of lenses. Lenses from all wearers were colonized at least once during the study by Gram-positive bacteria at low numbers (<10 cfu/ml). Gram-negative bacteria colonized lenses at least once in 80% of all wearers. Lenses from Gram-negative bacterial carriers were more frequently colonized by Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas: sp. compared with subjects with no previous history and subjects with a prior history of adverse events, respectively. Lenses from Gram-negative bacterial carriers were less frequently colonized by a range of Gram-positive bacteria compared with subjects with a prior history of adverse events. Conclusions:. Increasing the length of lens wear up to 13 nights did not result in a predictable increase in bacterial colonization of contact lenses. Gram-positive bacteria were isolated frequently but in low numbers, whereas Gram-negative bacteria were present sporadically.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Leitch, Dr Carol
Authors: Sweeney, D. F., Stapleton, F., Leitch, C., Taylor, J., Holden, B. A., and Willcox, M. D. P.
College/School:College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection Immunity and Inflammation
Journal Name:Optometry and Vision Science
Publisher:Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:1040-5488
ISSN (Online):1538-9235

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