Switched-mode load impedance synthesis to parametrically tune electromagnetic vibration energy harvesters

Bowden, J. A., Burrow, S. G., Cammarano, A. , Clare, L. R. and Mitcheson, P. D. (2015) Switched-mode load impedance synthesis to parametrically tune electromagnetic vibration energy harvesters. IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics, 20(2), pp. 603-610. (doi:10.1109/TMECH.2014.2325825)

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Abstract

Energy harvesters based upon resonant mass-spring-damper systems can only generate useful power over a narrow range of excitation frequencies. This is a significant limitation in applications where the vibration source frequency changes over time. In this paper, an active electrical load is presented which can overcome the bandwidth limitations by parametrically tuning the overall harvester system. The electrical tuning technique synthesizes an optimum reactive load with high-efficiency switch-mode electronics, which also provides rectification, feeding the energy harvested into a dc store. The method is shown to be effective at increasing the power frequency bandwidth of resonant type harvesters and offers the capability of autonomous operation. The theoretical basis for the technique is presented and verified with experiment results. The paper illustrates the challenges of implementing the power electronic converter for a low-quiescent power overhead and in choosing the control architecture and tuning algorithms.

Item Type:Articles
Status:Published
Refereed:Yes
Glasgow Author(s) Enlighten ID:Cammarano, Dr Andrea
Authors: Bowden, J. A., Burrow, S. G., Cammarano, A., Clare, L. R., and Mitcheson, P. D.
College/School:College of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering > Systems Power and Energy
Journal Name:IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics
ISSN:1083-4435

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